School violence has been the cause of a great concern in the public for many years now. According to figures from the Ministry of Education, 8,000 cases of student fights have been reported by 38 local education departments since 2003 and 96.
7% of Vietnamese students have witnessed scenes of violence in schools.
School violence has been the cause of a great concern in the public for many years now. According to figures from the Ministry of Education, 8,000 cases of student fights have been reported by 38 local education departments since 2003 and 96.7% of Vietnamese students have witnessed scenes of violence in schools. These figures really alarm an ugly violent situation at schools. Safe schools are essential to young people’s ability to learn and develop healthy relationships. In fact, students are much less likely to come to harm at school than away from school. However, many schools have serious crime and violent problems make students feel unsafe and fear being at school, significantly disrupting the learning process.
Therefore, recognizing what is the root cause and supporting considerable solutions are really necessary for preventing violence at school.
The causes of school violence may be countless, but we can classify them into four categories including individual, family, school, and community risk factors. On individual side, there are many factors affect violent trend of individual such as aggressiveness, any substance abuse, internal character lower intelligence, birth complications and so on. However, the rate of these effects is rare because most children were born with a good-natured character. With time, these characters gradually change and being impacted by surrounding environments. Individual risk factors can only cause violence when they were ignored by adults.
On family risk factors, family play a vital role in creating or stopping violent condition at children because everything begins from the initial stage. History of family crime and violence, lower or lack of expectations by parents, the lack of monitoring by parents, parental involvement in drugs, child abuse and neglect can cause violent condition at children. How can a child become a good person when they live in such a bad condition? They will think violence is normal and carry out them at school. On school aspect, a school is a place where children are taught the right things in life, but the life for elementary, middle, and high school students has never been easy. Young people have always had to cope with academic pressures, extracurricular demands, and conflicts with their peers school. The risk factors include such things as early delinquent behaviors, academic failure, lack of commitment to school, and gang involvement. On community issues, no one can live separating from community or society unless they want to have a non – attachment life, so effects of community can not be ignored. The risk community factors can be availability of weapons, drugs, violence, large numbers of broken families, high transient populations, and economic deprivation. Especially, the spread of violence in television programs, movies, and video games has created a dangerous imitation for children. In general, there are no children who want to become a violent person. They are just the person who was impacted by risk factors surrounding them.
The violence at school is really the big problem nowadays. No one can ensure that they can stop violence at school, but prevention can make a difference. The solution for preventing violence is numerous. However, we should concentrate on reducing family-school-community risk factors because these factors are the root. Violence prevention starts in the home. Parents can start by being good role models, refraining from violence themselves and solving their problems peacefully. They should also be very involved in their children’s lives; frequent discussions and discipline keep young people on the right track. It’s especially important to talk about violence. Parents can ask their children about their thoughts and fears about school violence, and make it clear that they will not tolerate violent actions of any kind. Parents should care about their children’s schools and know what the school is doing to keep young people safe. School also play a special role in preventing violence because children are required to spend a large part of their young lives in schools.
School should be a safe environment for students to get knowledge and perfect personality. The staff of school need to develop a supportive and friendly atmosphere, violence prevention and intervention programs, and an emphasis on the importance moral education to make schools safe. Teachers can also help by leading discussions on school violence topics to improve students’ awareness . Preventing violence at school is not only efforts of parents and schools but also duty of the whole society. Change social and cultural conditions in order to reduce violence regardless of where the violence occurs such as reducing media violence, reshaping social norms which is no longer suitable , and restructuring educational systems. One can not solve the problem completely. However, when each person extends a hand to help reduce violence , everything will be better.
Schools should be safe environment for learning and development, but unfortunately it is not quietly safe place as it used to be. However, no one should have to be afraid at school because violence can be preventable. It is everyone’s responsibility to keep schools safe; by working together and raising awareness of the danger of school violence, tragedies can be prevented and schools can become the comfortable and protected environments they are meant to be. To stop the violence in school is not a week, a month or a year task, but it’s a process of a generation or more.
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