Answer this one:

3. Consider discussions in class regarding agenda-setting and the two models that explain how an issue gets on the agenda– Hall Model and Kingdon Model. Select a healthcare issue of interest to you (for example – emergency room waits, shortage of healthcare providers, aging population, inadequate home care services, pandemic concerns, to name a few) and apply either or both of these models to understand the factors that influence why the issue is/is not on the government’s agenda. How well do you think the model captures the reality of agenda setting? What other factors beyond these models do you think influence if an issue will be addressed or ignored?

respond to this one:

I think that traditional media without question plays a role with respect to influencing my perspectives on government issues. The way the media frames and reports certain issues definitely influences the way I feel about certain government issues. Media outlets can have subtle political influences and bearings, which are sometimes sub textually represented in their news outlets. As a reader, being exposed to news that has been tailored to highlight certain points or to address certain policy issues, impacts my understanding of an issue because it may exclude relevant information pertaining to the topic. At times, I feel that media outlets tend to exclude certain aspects of stories, issues, and briefs to try and mislead and confuse its readers. Consequently, the readers who are exposed to such media develop and propagate the ideologies of such media outlets. Referring to the framing issue once again, I believe that how media organizations choose to frame issues they report not only determines what the reader absorbs, but also has implications towards dictating how the issue being reported will be treated by those with authority to act on the issue. How the media describes an issue, in my opinion, not only will affect if the issue makes it onto the agenda of those who have power to act on it, but also impacts the types of solutions and policies that the government will have for them.

Despite the aforementioned critiques, the traditional media does in fact play an important role in my understanding of political and policy issues. When a news organization reports something, odds are that the issue has some merit to it and is worth exploring. After reading or watching an issue being reported through the lens of one media outlet, I also look for reports on the same issue from different media organizations, especially those with varying political affiliations. This allows me to view issues from different angles, see where outlets differed in their emphasis on certain points, and gives me direction for where I should position myself with respect to a particular issue. Another method of media delivery that news organizations take advantage of includes social media. As a student, social media applications are accessible on your phone, leading to easily accessible, up-to-date information.

I think a good example where the media has had a significant influence on public opinion regarding an issue would be the way FOX News (US-based) reported and propagated ideals in regards to global warming. Among scientists, there is roughly a 97 percent consensus that the effects of global warming are anthropogenic. However, reports indicate that 93% of FOX News’s climate change coverage in 2012 was misleading, and undermined the issue’s grave importance and human involvement. The way the issue of anthropogenic climate change is framed and propagated by media giants like FOX may be one of the reasons why climate change is often discussed, but is never really a top priority on the agenda of appropriate decision makers.


Kingdom’s Agenda-Setting Theory
The kingdom model of agenda setting puts stress on the problem recognition, project proposal and the factoring in of politics (Vogelsang & Compaine, 2000). For our discussion we will consider the aging population and subsequent health care systems. The following are questions considered with reference to the Kingdom’s model.
Can the problems that quality healthcare for the aging population be acknowledged and supposed as pressing?
How are proposals promoting quality health care for the aging perceived?
How are politics factoring in? (Vogelsang & Compaine, 2000)
Owing to some factors in the health care sector, there is a raise in population that lives beyond the conventional time. More people than before are living up to their ninth decade, and some are even going up to the tenth decade. This is imperative that the population of Australia is in the ageing trajectory path just like the many other parts of the world’s population. This has the chances of increasing the number of old people that live in the residential care systems.
At this point, the freedoms and choices that the old people hold dear get to be lost. This makes the people lose out in the long run. The aged people lack the care that they would receive while at home. This comes despite the fact that the hospitals have trained officials. This is the reason that makes the move to the residential care homes dreadful to the aged members in the society.
Libertarianism view on the issue of giving help to the homes also forms the underlying factors that determine the final quality of service in the health care centers. This is in line with the views of the libertarians that chose to repudiate all the assertions that claim that liberty is positive. The libertarians have the notion that the liberty of the people that are in the residential care system has an overrated acclaiming. The people feel that the allowance of the people to receive subsidies that are not compensated for is enough reason for people to accept the quality of the service without complaining.
The role of the society in ensuring that the nations of the people as far as the treatment of the old also plays a role in increasing loss of autonomy of the aged people that live in the rehab homes. The common mode of promoting the feelings of alienation among the aged is by the propagation of the ageist attitudes by the society. The common trend among the people is to treat the old people as if they are less special or that they are past their productivity years. The tradition has had an effect of making the aged people feel inappropriate in the society. The other notion that relates to that age of the old is that the old people are a burden. The aging of most of the people comes as an additional load to the people that are around them. This makes the choice of the residential places has the aim of disposing off the old person and not a place of ensuring that the care that they get is at the optimum. The move by the people comments the notion of the under qualified medical practitioners in most of the places that the nursing of the old people is a waste of time since the immediate family is ready to dump them in some place without paying attention to the welfare.
The other factor that makes the notions of the ageism and subsequent loss of the autonomy of the people admitted in the residential care systems to continue is the lack of qualifications in the practitioners (Boulanger & Deroussent, 2008). The reason behind this lapse in the training is the same reason that the facilities did not receive the necessary expansion as the clientele base kept on growing.
With the old people increasing, the quality of the care systems should have no compromise. To most of the old people, the admission into the residential care system does not come with a lot of anticipation. With thousands of aged people that are above 65 living in the residential care systems, the role of quality does not get to receive a better role in terms of significance like it does right now (Boulanger & Deroussent, 2008). The move into a health care system comes with a lot of changes in both the family and the patient. In the case of the patient, the decision leads to an increase in the deterioration of the health of the person and illnesses that equate to increased dependency by the patient on another person. Older people have fears that they will lose their sense of independence when they attain a certain age.
Boulanger, J. R., & Deroussent, C. (2008). Preliminary Based Service Evaluation for Elderly People and Healthcare Professionals in Residential Home Care Units. Digital Society.
Vogelsang, I., & Compaine, B. M. (2000). The Internet Upheaval: Raising Questions, Seeking Answers in Communications Policy. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

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